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Cancer Glossary Cancer Diet Guide Support Groups

Cancer Treatment Options

Cancer can be treated by different therapies, but most common cancer treatment options include the following:

Cancer Chemotherapy  

Chemotherapy is a common type of cancer treatment. It consists of drug (mono-chemotherapy) or a cocktail of many drugs (poly-chemotherapy) that can be given a number of ways. The drugs were designed to kill cancer cells in the body in order to shrink or eliminate cancerous tumors… 

 

Surgical Therapy 

Surgical therapy is often a choice for patients with some type of cancer.  It is often used as a measure to diagnose or treat cancer. In certain circumstances, it can be used to prevent the development of the tumor in people at high risk.  If cancer has not spread, removal through surgery can be a way to cure the patient…. 

 

Radiation Therapy  

Radiation Therapy is the use of high-energy waves to destroy cancer cells. It is similar to the radiation used in x-rays except in a much higher dose.  You can receive radiation therapy for many types of cancer and It can be used alone or with other forms of treatments such as chemotherapy… 

 

Immunotherapy  

Immunotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses the body’s own immune system to control the spread and growth of cancerous cells.  This can be done in two ways.  First, a patient’s own immune system may be boosted and second, synthetic immune system equivalents may be introduced… 

 

Hormonal Therapy  

Hormonal therapy is a type of systemic therapy that is most often used by cancer patients as an adjuvant therapy. As an adjuvant treatment, hormone therapy is aimed at decreasing the risk of the cancer returning after surgery has taken place… 

 

Targeted Therapy  

Targeted therapy is a very advanced form of cancer treatment that is based upon our ever-evolving understanding of cells and how they behave when they become cancerous.  Targeted therapy treatments work by affecting cancerous cells and leaving healthy cells unaffected.  This means that it’s possible that the person… 

 

Gene Therapy  

Gene therapy is used for the treatment of different diseases in the body, including cancer, and involves replacing defective genes with normal genes. These new genes are then transferred into the cells via proteins or viruses. Genes are well-known as the basic units of heredity and are made from DNA… 

 

Photodynamic Therapy  

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is also known as phototherapy, photoradiation therapy and photochemotherapy, kills cancer cells using light and photosensitizing agents. These photosensitizing agents are special drugs absorbed by the cancer cells. The drug is non-toxic… 

 

 

For alternative cancer treatmernt options, see cancer alternative therapies